Each residence should have basic fire safety measures in place to protect people, their belongings and their homes in case of fire. The three things every home should have are:
- smoke detectors
- fire extinguishers
- escape plans
Every house and apartment should have working smoke detectors on every floor, as well as every sleeping room. It is recommended to buy the kind that detects both carbon monoxide and smoke. Detectors vary in cost and can be purchased at any department or hardware store.
A fire extinguisher is a portable device designed to put out a small fire. You should have at least one fire extinguisher in your home. You need to place your extinguisher near an exit.
You should have an escape plan in case of fire. Everyone in the household should know all the exit points from your house or apartment (windows and doors). Apartment buildings usually have clearly marked emergency exits. Some buildings have an outside escape ladder.
If there is a fire, you should:
- get everyone out of the house
- once everyone is outside, call 911 (or ask someone to do it)
- get out if the fire becomes large
- if you can do it safely, close doors and windows behind you to slow down the spread of the fire
- once outside, stay out and do not go back for anything
Do not go back and do not try to put the fire out yourself - just stay out and wait for firefighters to arrive.